Massive industrialization and materialism has given wake to excessive amounts of waste being created that are increasing the risk the environment faces as well as the carbon footprint of most countries. Waste minimization is the science behind reducing waste, lessening its ill effects on people and the environment as well as dealing with different types of refuse, some of which may be persistent in nature. It also revolves around changing the way society thinks and creating new patterns which can lead to a more sustainable future. Production and consumption is also studied within this concept and sometimes entire products are redesigned so that they can be made more environmentally friendly. Preventing excessive garbage and other byproducts from ever coming into creation is also a major concern. Large companies, especially construction and massive manufacturing businesses, recognize the importance of hiring sustainability and recycling consultants who can advise on waste reduction and disposal since this not only impacts their image, but their costs as well.
The techniques that are most commonly used to minimize waste are firstly resource optimization. Under this concept businesses and individuals are encouraged to use resources fully and not waste them especially if recycling is easy and possible (such as in the case of paper). Reusing is another popular technique and scrap metals usually fit this description. Monitoring is also increased to see where excess waste is being created or where recyclable materials are being disposed of incorrectly. This also includes toxic substances and medicinal waste. Waste exchanges are also common and this includes using a material that has become a waste product already in a second production process where it can be useful.
By analyzing the makeup of the waste stream of a business, a waste consulting company can begin to prepare the the most effective ways to handle solid and liquid waste. By investigating how a company’s waste is carried from the location where it originates to the final dumping point, a waste audit assessment can be created by the waste consultant, with subsequent recommendations as to how the stream may be controlled or lessened if recycling is added to the mix and this is how materials that can still be useful are extracted. The stream itself originates from industrial areas and sometimes even domestic areas depending on the waste treatment solution that has been set in place. The stream can end in a disposal location where it may or may not be treated further to make it degradable or safe for the environment. This depends on whether it is a persistent kind of waste or a bio-degradable one. Some companies believe that end of pipe management of waste (ethical as it might be) is not the most ideal solution. Preventing the creation of waste as far as possible is perhaps more desirable even though it requires some restructuring on the part of organizations and factories.